Posted by on 2017年3月17日

上次的“红眼睛和蓝眼睛”(original post)引起了一些朋友的兴趣,今天我就再来分享一个有名的puzzle吧。Quora(original post)和知乎(原Po)上都有一些关于这则谜语的讨论。

传说这是著名的爱因斯坦发明的,有传说爱因斯坦曾断言只有98%的人能够解出这个谜语,也有传言这只是他为了摆脱想让他当导师的学生而故意发明的。无论如何,谜语还是挺有趣的,大家一起看看吧。

让我们假设在一条路的同一边有紧挨着的且有不同颜色的五幢房子。每一幢房子里分别住着一个不同国籍的人。每个人有他自己最喜爱的饮料,最喜爱的香烟品牌而且他们都养着某种特定的宠物。
以下为已知信息:
1. 英国人住在红色房子里;
2. 瑞典人养着狗;
3. 丹麦人爱喝茶;
4. 绿色房子在白色房子左边;
5. 绿色房子的主人爱喝咖啡;
6. 抽Pall Mall香烟品牌的人养鸟;
7. 黄色房子的主任抽Dunhills(喜路登)品牌香烟;
8. 位置在中间的房子的主任爱喝牛奶;
9. 挪威人住在第一幢房子里;
10. 抽Blend品牌香烟的人有个养猫的邻居;
11. 抽Blue Masters品牌香烟的人爱喝啤酒;
12. 养马的人住在抽Dunhill香烟品牌的人隔壁;
13. 德国人抽Prince品牌香烟;
14. 挪威人住在蓝色房子隔壁;
15. 抽Blend品牌香烟的人有个爱喝水的邻居;

问题是:谁养鱼

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Original riddle in English:
Einstein's Puzzle

Let us assume that there are five houses of different colors next to each other on the same road. In each house lives a man of a different nationality. Every man has his favorite drink, his favorite brand of cigarettes, and keeps pets of a particular kind.
1. The Englishman lives in the red house.
2. The Swede keeps dogs.
3. The Dane drinks tea.
4. The green house is just to the left of the white one.
5. The owner of the green house drinks coffee.
6. The Pall Mall smoker keeps birds.
7. The owner of the yellow house smokes Dunhills.
8. The man in the center house drinks milk.
9. The Norwegian lives in the first house.
10. The Blend smoker has a neighbor who keeps cats.
11. The man who smokes Blue Masters drinks bier.
12. The man who keeps horses lives next to the Dunhill smoker.
13. The German smokes Prince.
14. The Norwegian lives next to the blue house.
15. The Blend smoker has a neighbor who drinks water.
The question to be answered is: Who keeps fish?

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Comments

  1. luo
    2017年3月18日

    第十条翻译有误吧?感觉…

  1. Einstein’s fish riddle-解 | 饱蠹阁baoduge - […] 今天来分析一下前几天发的Einstein's fish riddle(AKA. Zebra Puzzle)。其实这个逻辑题目并不难,据说全球只有98%的人能够解出来也多半只是个噱头。 […]

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